Numeracy and Mathematics, Language and Literacy

Confidence in numeracy and mathematics and fluency in the English language provide access to and underpin success across the entire curriculum.


Numeracy and Mathematics

Teachers develop pupils’ numeracy and mathematical reasoning in all subjects so that they understand and appreciate the importance of mathematics. Pupils are taught to apply arithmetic fluently to problems, understand and use measures, make estimates and sense check their work.

Pupils apply their geometric and algebraic understanding and relate their understanding of probability to the notions of risk and uncertainty. They also develop understanding of the cycle of collecting, presenting and analysing data. They are taught to apply their mathematics to both routine and non-routine problems, including breaking down more complex problems into a series of simpler steps.


Language and literacy

Teachers should develop pupils’ spoken language (oracy), reading, writing and vocabulary as integral aspects of the teaching of every subject.



Pupils are taught to speak clearly and convey ideas confidently using Standard English. They learn to justify ideas with reasons; ask questions to check understanding; develop vocabulary and build knowledge; negotiate; evaluate and build on the ideas of others; and select the appropriate register for effective communication. They are taught to give well-structured descriptions and explanations and develop their understanding through speculating, hypothesising and exploring ideas. This enables pupils to clarify their thinking as well as organise their ideas for writing.


Reading and Writing

Teachers develop pupils’ reading and writing in all subjects to support their acquisition of knowledge. Pupils are taught to read fluently and understand extended prose (both fiction and non-fiction).  The school’s reading for pleasure programme aims to promote wider reading and instil a love of reading in pupils.  The benefits of reading for pleasure extend beyond academic attainment and result in increased empathy, improved relationships, mental health and personal wellbeing.

Pupils develop the stamina and skills to write at length, with accurate spelling and punctuation. They are taught the correct use of grammar. They build on what they have been taught to expand the range of their writing and the variety of the grammar they use. The writing they do includes narratives, explanations, descriptions, comparisons, summaries and evaluations: such writing supports them in rehearsing, understanding and consolidating what they have heard or read.


Vocabulary development


Pupils’ acquisition and command of vocabulary are key to their learning and progress across the whole curriculum. Teachers develop vocabulary actively, building systematically on pupils’ current knowledge. They increase pupils’ store of words in general; simultaneously, make links between known and new vocabulary and discuss the shades of meaning in similar words. In this way, pupils expand the vocabulary choices that are available to them when they write. In addition, it is vital for pupils’ comprehension that they understand the meanings of words they meet in their reading across all subjects, and are taught the meaning of instruction verbs that they may meet in examination questions. Pupils are also taught the language which defines each subject in its own right, such as accurate mathematical and scientific language.